This chapter describes the basic routines in the CFITSIO user interface that provide all the functions normally needed to read and write most FITS files. It is recommended that these routines be used for most applications and that the more advanced routines described in the next chapter only be used in special circumstances when necessary.
The following conventions are used in this chapter in the description of each function:
1. Most functions have 2 names: a long descriptive name and a short concise name. Both names are listed on the first line of the following descriptions, separated by a slash (/) character. Programmers may use either name in their programs but the long names are recommended to help document the code and make it easier to read.
2. A right arrow symbol () is used in the function descriptions to separate the input parameters from the output parameters in the definition of each routine. This symbol is not actually part of the C calling sequence.
3. The function parameters are defined in more detail in the alphabetical listing in Appendix B.
4. The first argument in almost all the functions is a pointer to a structure of type `fitsfile'. Memory for this structure is allocated by CFITSIO when the FITS file is first opened or created and is freed when the FITS file is closed.
5. The last argument in almost all the functions is the error status parameter. It must be equal to 0 on input, otherwise the function will immediately exit without doing anything. A non-zero output value indicates that an error occurred in the function. In most cases the status value is also returned as the value of the function itself.